In Our Time - Philosophy

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source: Philosophical Overdose     2016年11月8日

The Life & Work of Arthur Schopenhauer 42:07
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss the dark, pessimistic philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer in this episode of In Our Time. As a radical young thinker in Germany in the early 19th century, Schopenhauer railed against the dominant ideas of the day. He dismissed the pre-eminent German philosopher Hegel as a pompous charlatan, and turned instead to the Enlightenment thinking of Immanuel Kant for inspiration. Schopenhauer's central idea was that everything in the world was driven by the Will - broadly, the ceaseless drive for life. But this, he argued, left us swinging pointlessly between suffering and boredom. The only escape from the tyranny of the Will was to be found in art, and particularly in music. Schopenhauer was influenced by Eastern philosophy, and in turn his own work had an impact well beyond the philosophical tradition in the West, helping to shape the work of artists and writers from Richard Wagner to Marcel Proust, and Albert Camus to Sigmund Freud. The guests include AC Grayling, Professor of Philosophy at Birkbeck College, University of London; Beatrice Han-Pile, Professor of Philosophy at the University of Essex; and Christopher Janaway, Professor of Philosophy at the University of Southampton.
Free Will & Determinism (BBC In Our Time) 41:50
Logical Positivism - The Vienna Circle 41:36
Ludwig Wittgenstein - The Limits of Thought 41:53
Gödel's Incompleteness Theorems (BBC's In Our Time) 41:58
Karl Popper - Science, Epistemology, & Political Theory 41:59
David Hume - The Great Empiricist & Skeptic 41:59
Phenomenology - In Our Time 46:24
Introduction to American Pragmatism 41:27
George Berkeley - The Great Idealist 47:19
Hannah Arendt 47:04
Nihilism 27:52
The Continental-Analytic Split in Philosophy 41:54
Anarchism 41:37
A Brief History of Logic 42:03
Ordinary Language Philosophy 41:47
Epicureanism 41:50
The Social Contract 41:08
The Notion of Truth (BBC's In Our Time) 41:28
The Life & Thought of Spinoza 27:46

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