Karl Popper - Science, Epistemology, & Political Theory (BBC In Our Time)

source: Philosophical Overdose     2015年9月26日
Karl Popper was one of the most influential and important philosophers of the 20th century. His ideas about science and politics robustly challenged the accepted ideas of the day. He strongly resisted the prevailing consensus that scientific theories could be proved true, suggesting instead that theories can at best only survive our attempts to falsify them. This theory of falsification has become one influential way of understanding science. For Popper, empirical falsifiability is the criterion which distinguishes genuine science from non-science and pseudoscience. Popper was led to such by recognizing the force of David Hume's argument that inductive reasoning has no rational foundation. But Popper argued that this wasn't a problem for science because science wasn't actually based on induction at all. He went on to apply his ideas to politics, famously advocating an Open Society.
This is from the BBC radio podcast called "In Our Time". Melvyn Bragg discusses the work of Karl Popper with John Worrall (Professor of Philosophy of Science at the London School of Economics), Anthony O'Hear (Weston Professor of Philosophy at Buckingham University), and Nancy Cartwright (Professor of Philosophy at the LSE and the University of California).

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