Pauli Lectures 2015: Bones, Teeth and Animation

source: ETH Zürich    2015年11月13日
The talk given by Prof. Ingrid Daubechies, Duke University, Durham, USA, presents mathematical explorations motivated by the need of biological morphologists to compare different phenotypical structures. At present, scientists using physical traits to study evolutionary relationships among living and extinct animals analyze data extracted from carefully defined anatomical correspondence points (landmarks). Identifying and recording these landmarks is time consuming and can be done accurately only by trained morphologists. This necessity renders these studies inaccessible to non-morphologists and causes phenomics to lag behind genomics in elucidating evolutionary patterns.

Unlike other algorithms presented for morphological correspondences, the approach presented in the talk does not require any preliminary marking of special features or landmarks by the user. It also differs from other seminal work in computational geometry in that the algorithms are polynomial in nature and thus faster, making pairwise comparisons feasible for significantly larger numbers of digitized surfaces.
This approach has already been used by biologists to obtain new results.
Further information: www.pauli-lectures.ethz.ch/archive/2015

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