Immanuel Kant (Transcript/Subtitles Available)

source: Philosophical Overdose     2016年7月23日
Bryan Magee and Geoffrey Warnock discuss the German philosopher Immanuel Kant, who is considered the central figure in modern philosophy. Kant synthesized early rationalism and empiricism, set the terms for much of 19th and 20th century philosophy, and continues to exercise a significant influence today in epistemology, metaphysics, ethics, political philosophy, aesthetics, and other fields. Kant is perhaps most famous his distinction between appearances and things-in-themselves. This was the idea that we can only know things as they appear to us through our sensory and mental faculties, not how they are in themselves independent of us and our mental apparatus. This allowed him to account for synthetic a priori knowledge, truths which are necessary and yet still are substantial and informative. He is also famous for deontology in moral philosophy, especially the categorical imperative and that reason is the source of morality, as well as for his view that aesthetics is based on a faculty of disinterested judgment.
This interview was part of a BBC program from 1987. The quality is kind of shitty, but the audio and video should stay in sync at least. I didn't think I'd be putting so many of these Bryan Magee interviews up, especially since they're already on Youtube, but they're just so good I can't resist.

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